The nursing team at LIS/LIK consists
of two nurses who work in collaboration with, and as part of, the Student
Support Services Department. The nursing team works in partnership with the
school to create a safe and healthy environment for all, providing both health
care and health education using best practice and up-to-date guidance from
government health authorities. The fundamental role of the nursing team is to
improve children and young people’s health and well-being.
We are located on the ground floor in
the LIS building next to the Primary Principal’s office. We provide care and
support at both LIS and LIK sites, throughout the school day.
Parents – Vaccinations: some useful information
Until recently, vaccinations in Germany were
not compulsory but instead, strongly advised by all health authorities.
However, towards the end of 2019, the German parliament voted to make the measle vaccination compulsory for all
children and staff in kindergartens and schools, in response to a global rise
in cases of the disease. Thus, the Measles Protection Act (Masernschutzgestz)
commenced on Sunday 1 March 2020.
The reason behind the Measles
Protection Act (Masernschutzgestz)
The World Health Organization (WHO) states
that a 95% vaccination coverage of the population is necessary to prevent a
mass outbreak. Before widespread measles vaccination began in the early 1960s,
the disease killed an estimated 2.6 million people globally every year. That
declined to 110,000 deaths in 2017.
However, 2018 saw a rise in measles cases in
Europe, where incidence of the disease increased by 350% as compared to 2017.
This occurred due to an increase in people opting-out or missing-out on getting
What the German Vaccination Commission
German Vaccination Commission recommends immunisation against the following
Whooping Cough (pertussis)
Haemophilus Influenzae b (Hib)
Pneumococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
Meningococcus C (Neisseria meningitidis)
Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR)
German Vaccination Commission also recommends the following:
For elderly people and pregnant women,
inoculation against the flu (influenza).
For young women, vaccination against cervical
cancer (triggered by the human papillomavirus or HPV).
For people living in areas where ticks are
prevalent and such people spend a lot of time outside, inoculation against tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) which is a viral disease that
leads to inflammation of the brain, meninges and spinal cord.
What are vaccinations?
Vaccination is a simple, safe and effective
way of protecting people against harmful diseases, before they come into
contact with them. Most vaccines are given by an injection, but some are given
orally (by mouth) or sprayed into the nose. Vaccines protect against more than
25 debilitating or life-threatening diseases such as those listed above.
According to WHO statistics, they prevent up to 3 million deaths worldwide
every year. However, if people stop having vaccines, it is possible for
infectious diseases to rapidly spread again.
How does a vaccine work?
A vaccine works by training the immune system
to recognize and combat pathogens, either viruses or bacteria. To do this,
certain molecules from the pathogen must be introduced into the body to trigger
an immune response.
These molecules are called antigens, and they
are present on all viruses and bacteria. By injecting these antigens into the
body, the immune system can safely learn to recognize them as hostile invaders,
produce antibodies, and remember them for the future. If the bacteria or virus
reappears, the immune system will recognize the antigens immediately and attack
aggressively well before the pathogen can spread and cause sickness.
Why should I get vaccinated?
Without vaccines, we are at risk of serious
illness and disability from diseases listed above. Many of these diseases can
be life threatening.
Although some of these diseases have become
uncommon, the germs that cause them continue to circulate in some or all parts
of the world. Infectious diseases can easily cross borders and infect anyone
who is not protected.
Two key reasons to get vaccinated are to
protect ourselves and to protect those around us. Not everyone can be
vaccinated, such as very young babies, those who are seriously ill or people
with certain allergies. For these people, they depend on others being
vaccinated to ensure they are also safe from vaccine-preventable diseases.
Currently, the majority of children receive
their vaccines on time. However, nearly 20 million worldwide still miss out,
putting them at risk of ill health, serious diseases, disability or death.
For more information
The Permanent Vaccination Commission
(“Ständige Impfkommission” or “STIKO”), which is made up of various medical
experts and is associated with the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), regularly
publishes recommended vaccination schedules. Please also look at the information offered on impfen-info.de which is
run by the Federal Agency for Health Education (BZgA), thus it is written in
Finally, if you intend to travel outside of
Germany you may need and be prescribed further vaccinations to go abroad.
Please find out more on tropeninstitut.de.